Thursday, September 1, 2016

Create > Pre Instruction Drawings

Create > Pre Instruction Drawings

Goal: Strengthen your visual awareness

Access Prior Knowledge:

New Information:

Read > Visual Awareness
To become visually aware, we first must understand the physiological means by which we receive visual messages.  Neurophysiology, perception psychology, and ophthalmology are professions seeking further understanding of how we see.  

It is estimated that visual perception comprises 75% to 80% of our sensory input.  In addition, of our visual perception, about 10% is in the eye and 90% is mental.

Psychologists of perception maintain that much of visual perception is learned and it is subject to modification through learning.  This means that we can improve and expand visual perception.  We can strengthen and sharpen it through exposure and exercise.  When learning a new skill, it is part of the training to strengthen relevant muscles and improve coordination.  Click here for parts of the eye >   

How we ‘see’ determines how we live.  Developing awareness and becoming personally involved in shaping our surroundings can lead us to an improved quality of life.

As children, we are conditioned by our culture.  We are taught what is ‘good’ and ‘bad,’ taught to accept some things and refute others - taught thereby to limit our perception.

In learning to cope with the world, we learn to conceptualize almost everything that we perceive.  We place the unique elements of our experience into general classes or categories, and give names to such categories in order to think about them and communicate our ideas about them to others.  This ‘cognitive system’ provides a framework for our perception, which includes our basic values.  We all have our own cognitive system, yet we share a common, more general cognitive system with others in our society.  It is important to recognize that each of us has developed ‘a distinctive way of looking at the world that is not the way the world actually is but simply the way our group conventionally looks at our world.

We have to learn to use our senses.  The eyes are blind to what the mind cannot see.  As we mentally discover new ways of seeing, we increase our perception of the world.

Looking implies opening our eyes in a purely mechanical way,  taking in what is before us in order to move about.  “Seeing” is an extension of looking which leads to perceiving.  In the world of function, a doorknob is something to be looked at in order to grasp and turn it, not something to be seen for itself.  When we get excited about the shape and finish of a doorknob, the bright clear quality of a winter day, or the rich color of a sunset, we have gone beyond what we need to perceive and have enjoyed the perception itself (that’s aesthetics).  

Enjoyment of visual art, and of life, can be enhanced by an understanding of the nature of seeing.  We generally think of ‘vision’ as the means by which we see either the physical environment outside ourselves or inner images such as memories and dreams.  Recent research shows, however, that the difference between ‘outer’ and ‘inner’ vision is not distinct.  Images from both outer and inner worlds are real, and the brain uses similar processes of visualization in becoming aware of them.

Comprehend > Note Diary  
  1. Each group copy sentences from the article text into the left column.
  2. Dialogue within the group about each copied passage.
  3. Reach a consensus about the passage’s meaning
  4. Type a response to ‘This is important because…’ in the right column.

Text Passage
This is important because...

Extra Resources:
Eye/Brain Physiology & Human Perception >
The Human Eye >
Visual Perception >
Slideshow: Perception: How We See >
Video: Scott Fraser: Why eyewitnesses get it wrong >
The Paradox of Active Surrender: Jeanette Winterson on How Learning to Understand Art Transforms Us >

Apply Knowledge & Skills:

Create > Pre Instruction Drawings

Goal: Record baseline data to aid in seeing and recognizing your progress

Studio Activities:
In your sketchbook...
  1. Draw > a person without looking at anyone.

  2. Draw > yourself from observation by looking in the mirror not from a photograph.

  3. Draw > your hand from observation not from a photograph.
  4. Draw > a chair from observation not from a photograph.

Generalize, Reflect & Publish:
Publish > your drawings to our G+Community > Concepts & Creations category
Respond > in the comment section write the following reflections.
  • Is the picture OK or better than you thought?
  • Point out something pleasing and something displeasing